M1, M1R, M1L: Knitting Abbreviations Explained

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A coral knitted cable fabric with a text overlay which says " What are M1, M1R, M1L? Knitting abbreviations explained, learnknittingonline.com"M1, M1R, M1L are all knitting abbreviations you will see in connection with making extra stitches. Here is what each of them means:

  • M1 is the abbreviation for Make 1.
  • M1R is the abbreviation for Make 1 Right.
  • M1L is the abbreviation for Make 1 Left.

An M1 increase is an increase that is almost invisible. In fact, this makes it a great increase to use after a rib.

The M1 increases are either right-leaning (M1R) or left-leaning (M1L). As the two increases mirror each other, they are great for shaping projects.

However, you should not use an M1 increase right at the edge of a project. We recommend that you use it at least two stitches in from any edge.

When to Use M1, M1R, M1L Increases

You will see the M1 quite often in knitting patterns. Unfortunately, most patterns do not explain how to make it.

When choosing which M1 increase to use, start by looking at your project.

We always recommend that you have your increases slanting in the direction of the widening fabric.

This normally means that you use an M1R at the beginning of a row and an M1L at the end of a row.

Actually, we have created two different M1 tutorials. Both of them are step-by-step tutorials and one covers the M1R and the other the M1L.

You can find the tutorials here:

Some project types that are great for M1 increases:

  • Knitting a bottom-up sleeve
  • Knitting a bottom-up sweater
  • Knitting a shawl
  • Knitting amigurumi
  • Knitting anything that increases in size

So, you can see the M1, M1R, and M1L are all increases that it is worth including in your knitting arsenal. 

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